Law (LLB) Lecture Notes

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The word law” is challenging to define, particularly as it is utilized in several diverse ways. As a different example, the Supreme Court of the United States in 1877, 34 held that a Michigan statute that established rules for solemnization of marriages did not abolish pre-current popular-law marriage , since the statute did not affirmatively need statutory solemnization and was silent as to preexisting widespread law. These damages require not be set forth in statute as they currently exist in the tradition of common law. Most early civilizations had been ruled by custom or the arbitrary judgments of kings or priests Laws and the punishments for not following the laws were at the whim of the ruler.

They are currently deposited in the UK National Archives , by whose permission pictures of the rolls for the Courts of Widespread Pleas, King’s Bench, and Exchequer of Pleas, from the 13th century to the 17th, can be viewed on the internet at the Anglo-American Legal Tradition internet site (The ‘Quinn Law Library of the University of Houston Law Center). Therefore we know considerably of what the law was, but we have restricted know-how of the application of these laws, especially with regard to ladies, the decrease classes, or peoples outdoors of Rome.

This period saw the starting of the use of the type of reasoning known as case-primarily based reasoning , as applied in civil circumstances (as distinct from criminal cases ), and the process of awarding damages for wrongful acts known as torts , which includes each intentional torts and torts triggered by negligence , and the body of law recognizing and regulating contracts The type of procedure practiced in common law courts identified as the adversarial system was also creating.

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